Angiogenesis during liver regeneration Date Added: 8/4/2003 10:18:00 AM
Last Updated: 8/29/2003 10:11:00 AM
Description of projects available to graduate students:
Angiogenesis is the process whereby new blood vessels sprout from existing vessels and requires that the specialized resident cells lining the vasculature, the endothelial cells (ECs), proliferate, migrate and differentiate spatially and temporally in response to specific signals. Vasculogenesis, on the other hand, has only recently emerged as an alternative mechanism of blood vessel growth in adult tissues and is the result of homing and engraftment of circulating EC precursors (ECPs) of bone marrow origin to sites of neovascularization. Both events are known to occur within the liver vasculature under very different conditions of growth, injury and repair, but the extent of each and the mechanisms by which they occur for each case is completely unknown. We evaluate the growth factor signaling events that accompany blood vessel growth and repair during liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy , and as the result of ischemia/reperfusion injury following liver transplantation. Comparative analysis of these two systems will elucidate both similar and dissimilar mechanisms that control these events and potentially lead to optimization of therapies that will reflect the specific requirements for injury based neovascularization in the liver.
Techniques graduate student will learn:
Cell culture: cell lines, primary cell isolation from liver. Primary endothelial cell isolation, culture characterization. Motility & proliferation assays.
Microscopy: Scanning electron microscopy, immuno-scanning electron microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy, immuno-transmission electron microscopy. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, freeze-fracture, molecular replicas, FISH. Colloidal gold
Biochemistry: Sub-cellular fractionation, from tissue and cells, Enzyme assays, 0ne and two dimensional electrophoresis, Western blotting, immunoprecipitation. Zymography gels.
Cell Biology And Molecular Physiology
Cellular And Molecular Pathology
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